Начало дипломатических контактов России и Испании: испанское посольство П. И. Потемкина

Начало дипломатических контактов России и Испании: испанское посольство П. И. Потемкина

 

Лекция Владимира Ведюшкина и презентация книги «Посольство П. И. Потемкина в Испанию в 1667-1668 гг.:

Документы и материалы» пройдет 2 апреля, во вторник, в 19:00, в Актовом зале Института Сервантеса (Новинский бульвар, 20А)

с синхронным переводом. Вход свободный. Об этом информирует пресс-служба Института Сервантеса в Моск

Книга «Посольство П. И. Потемкина в Испанию в 1667-1668 гг.: Документы и материалы» (издательство «Индрик», 2018)

представляет собой первую научную публикацию основного комплекса документов этого во многих отношениях замечательного посольства.

Составители впервые собрали все известные документы о посольстве

– как из Российского государственного архива древних актов, так и из испанских архивов (с переводом на русский язык).

Начало дипломатических контактов России и Испании: испанское посольство П. И. Потемкина

Выход книги приурочен к 350-летию пребывания посольства Петра Ивановича Потемкина в Испании и

, по сути, начала русско-испанских дипломатических отношений.

Большинство документов из российских и испанских архивов публикуется впервые.

Они касаются самых разных аспектов: политической ситуации в Европе и хода переговоров,

церемониала приемов и перипетий путешествия, вплоть до меню и даже вин, которыми в Испании угощали Потемкина и его спутников.

Начало дипломатических контактов России и Испании: испанское посольство П. И. Потемкина

Издание содержит также первое подробное и всестороннее исследование целей и подготовки посольства,

путешествия по Испании, представлений испанцев о русских и русских – об испанцах, об их стране, ее природе и истории, национальном характере и обычаях.

Владимир Ведюшкин – кандидат исторических наук, старший научный сотрудник Института всеобщей истории РАН;

одновременно преподает на Историческом факультете МГУ имени М. В. Ломоносова.

Член-корреспондент Мадридской Королевской академии геральдики и генеалогии.

Автор около 400 работ: научных и энциклопедических статей, учебников и учебных пособий, глав в коллективных трудах.

Ответственный редактор «Истории Испании» (Т.1), «Всемирной истории» (Т.3) и ряда других книг.

Организовано Институтом Сервантеса в Москве при участии Института всеобщей истории РАН и издательства «Индрик».

– По указу царя Алексея Михайловича в Испанию отправились 59 человек по главе со стольником Петром Ивановичем Потемкиным

. Целью было установление дипломатических контактов между двумя странами.

В наказе посольству речь шла и торговле:

испанскому королю предлагали отправлять купцов и суда с товарами в Архангельск, тогда единственный морской порт России.

– 10 октября 1667 года из Архангельска вышло судно голландца Андрея Стреса с участниками посольства на борту.

Любопытно, что архангельские судовладельцы и капитаны отказались везти посольство в Испанию «за умеренную цену»,

так как корабли их уже были наняты купцами. Пришлось ждать голландское судно, которое шло в Европу с грузом икры.

Два месяца продолжалось плавание по суровым северным морям и Атлантическому океану, «людям мучение было на корабле лютое и в ум не вместимое».

– 4 декабря 1667 года судно прибыло в порт Кадис на юге Испании.

Оттуда их путь в Мадрид лежал через Эль-Пуэрто-де-Санта-Мария, Санлукар-де-Баррамеда, Севилью, Кордову и Толедо.

В Мадриде готовились к встрече: выделили немалые суммы из казны,

решили, что придворные повара приготовят роскошные блюда, опередили,

что принимать русских посланников будут как турецкого султана и германского императора одновременно.

Потемкин и его спутники также тщательно изучали церемониал, принятый при испанском дворе.

– В Королевском Алькасаре посланников принял король Карл II, которому тогда было всего 6 лет,

и королева-регентша Марианна Австрийская. Перевод был двухступенчатым: с русского на латынь,

с латыни на испанский. Испанским монархам очень понравились дары: соболя, горностаи и другие ценные меха.

На второй аудиенции Марианна Австрийская была уже в русских мехах.

На третьем приеме посланники получили ответные грамоты испанской стороны с благоприятными,

хотя и расплывчатыми ответами, и обещание также направить посольство в Россию.

– В обратный путь Потемкин и его спутники отправились 7 июня 1668 года – через Вальядолид,

Бургос и Ирун до границы с Францией, далее в Париж (где их принял Людовик XIV) и Кале,

а оттуда морем через Амстердам и Ригу. В Москву вернулись 12 февраля 1669 года.

Главным результатом посольства стало установление прямых дипломатических контактов между Россией и Испанией.

По материалам книги «Посольство П.И. Потемкина в Испанию в 1667-1668 гг.: Документы и материалы».

Из описания Испании и испанцев в Статейном списке посольства стольника П. И. Потемкина и дьяка С. В. Румянцева:

«В Ишпанском государстве воздух здоров и весел.

… Домостройные люди, наипаче всего домашний покой любят.

В ыные земли для купечества мало ездят, потому что изо всех земель привозят к ним товары всякие,

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